In this issue

Mining projects present a cluster of risks, with many sources of potential disputes between miners, their partners and host nations. We ask, what are some of the leading drivers of international arbitration proceedings in the mining industry?

We also discover who is setting the standard in terms of technology, responsibility and legislation when it comes to sand mining, examine whether the mining supply chain is fit for purpose in the face of crisis, and look at Zambia's attempts to formalise artisanal gold mining. 

We also investigate the health risk posed by dust inhalation, round up technologies designed to improve ventilation underground, learn about Hexagon's online training course for modern mining, and break down everything you need to know about coal mining in 2020. 

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Callum Tyndalleditor