Theme innovation landscape

Leading mining companies in the Internet of Things theme

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The future of the mining industry will be shaped by a range of disruptive themes, with Internet of Things (IoT) being one of the themes that will have a significant impact on mining companies. A detailed analysis of the theme, insights into the leading companies, and their thematic and valuation scorecards are included in GlobalData’s thematic research report, Internet of Things (IoT) in Mining – Thematic Research.

In an industry known for its complex and hazardous operations, IoT solutions enable mining companies to automate workflows, improve efficiency while reducing costs, and improve safety and environmental, social, and governance (ESG) credentials across the whole value chain. IoT supports mining operations such as autonomous drilling, driverless haul trucks, health and safety monitoring, energy management, and environmental monitoring. IoT technologies enabling these mining operations include drones, wearable tech, proximity detection sensors, and autonomous trucks. Also, a growing number of products and services incorporate AI into their capabilities, especially for predictive maintenance and digital twin modeling.

However, not all companies are equal when it comes to their capabilities and investments in the key themes that matter most to their industry. Understanding how companies are positioned and ranked in the most important themes can be a key leading indicator of their future earnings potential and relative competitive position.

According to GlobalData’s report, Internet of Things in Mining leading adopters of IoT include Anglo American, BHP, Fortescue Metals, Rio Tinto, Vale.

Insights from top ranked companies


BHP has deployed autonomous trucks in various mines since 2017. In 2020, BHP introduced the Dynamics 365 Remote Assist Dash Maintainer Tools to help equipment staff gather key information and data remotely, keeping workers safe during COVID-19. The tools use IoT sensors on machinery and Microsoft Azure cloud services. Also, the company uses cloud services and a mixed-reality headset device to assist auto electricians and mechanical fitters on-site. The company has also invested in special caps to log drivers’ brainwaves to monitor signs of them falling asleep at the wheel thanks to sensors put in a six-inch strip that is fitted inside the helmets of employees. In 2022, BHP inaugurated its first autonomous drill at the Chilean Spence mine.

Rio Tinto 

Rio Tinto made steps into predictive maintenance in 2015 with its analytics excellence center in Pune, India. It assesses data captured by the array of sensors attached to Rio Tinto’s fixed and mobile equipment to predict and prevent engine breakdowns and other downtime events. Rio Tinto’s mine automation system (MAS) pulls together data from 98% of the company’s mine sites into a common data format, which can be displayed visually in Rio Tinto Visualisation (RTVis). The platform integrates data collected from autonomous equipment from different manufacturers. In July 2021, the company announced that it would deploy the world’s first fully autonomous water trucks at its Gudai-Darri iron ore mine in Western Australia, developed in collaboration with Caterpillar. The dust suppression vehicles will track water consumption digitally and reduce waste. A year after the company officially opened the mine, it was named Rio Tinto’s most technologically advanced iron ore mine in the Pilbara region. It features autonomous trucks, trains, drills, and water carts, a full digital replica, and varied robotic solutions. In 2023, the mining company continues to invest in developments to its autonomous haul trucks, partnering with Scania, Wenco, and Caterpillar to optimise open pit operations with the Cat MineStar Fleet management system at the Bingham Canyon Mine.


Vale began implementing a digital transformation strategy in 2016 to adapt itself to Industry 4.0, incorporating IoT as one of the technologies. In 2019, it signed an agreement with Vivo to implement a private 4G-LTE network in Brazil, investing almost BRL21 million ($3.7 million). The company uses autonomous haul trucks at its operations in Carajás and Brucutu mines in Brazil. Vale uses drones to monitor wagons carrying ore to improve efficiency and for enhanced safety at Tubarão railroad yard, Espírito Santo, Brazil. Autonomous excavators have been implemented at its Totten mine, Canada, which can be remotely controlled. Vale uses IoT solutions for various purposes, such as vibration monitoring, rollers and conveyor belts, and geotechnical instrumentation. In 2022, Vale reached 72 pieces of autonomous equipment in operation across four Brazilian states. In 2023, the company approved the SpectraFlow Crossbelt Analyzer for online measurement of iron ore material at its ports and mines.

Access GlobalData’s latest thematic research report on the Internet of Things in Mining to further understand the key themes and technologies disrupting the mining industry. The mining companies featured in our thematic scorecard are listed below.

GlobalData, the leading provider of industry intelligence, provided the underlying data, research, and analysis;used to produce this article.

GlobalData’s Thematic Scorecard ranks companies within a sector based on their overall leadership in the 10 themes that matter most to their industry, generating a leading indicator of their future earnings and relative position within key strategic areas.