November 2019

The crystal industry is growing fast, however concern is growing that the stones are being extracted in a way that is hugely damaging, with many extracted in countries where human rights abuses and child labour are common, or by companies known for their environmental damage. So, just how damaging is crystal mining, and who is leading the way in good practise?

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development has released a framework concerning the production and distribution of cobalt, which aims to ensure it is produced without child labour or worker exploitation, we take a look at whether it could be successful. Elsewhere, groups are working to clean up the mining industries environmental footprint, including BHP partnering again with environmental group Conservation International, while others are embracing renewable power sources.

Finally, we take a look at Chilean state-owned miner Codelco’s Chuquicamata copper mines transformation, the IMP@CT project that is using a switch on-switch off solution to make smaller deposits more economic, and debate whether big tech companies should get involved in mining to clean up their supply chains.



Molly Lempriere

Commissioning Editor

Daniel Garrun


Patrick Kingsland, Andrew Tunnicliffe, JP Casey, Molly Lempriere, Julian Turner, Heidi Vella

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Ashley McPherson

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Anett Arc, Marzia Del Gaone, Tyrrell Lowe, Noemi Balint, Petra Konyi-Kiss, Maria Gimenez, Filipe Costa 

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John Hammond


Susanne Hauner

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Duncan West


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